As time & technology is evolving and people have started depending on machines to complete their day-to-day life tasks. Therefore, scientists and engineers decided to create devices or machines that can work and behave like humans.
It is designed to perform tasks such as tracking weather updates and generating data. Because some or the other day AI will be capable enough to do all the tasks which should be actually done by humans. But we are currently far from such a scenario.
What is Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)?
In 1956, the term “Artificial Intelligence” emerged for the first time at the “Dartmouth Conference” organized by “John McCarthy”. Artificial narrow intelligence (ANI) is defined as the goal-oriented version of AI (Artificial Intelligence). It is programmed in such a way that it could only execute a narrow range of functions like image recognition, natural language processing and voice recognition.
“ANI” can only perform tasks that are clearly instructed to it and cannot think out of the box. Due to this reason, they are commonly referred to as WEAK or Narrow AI. It simulates human behavior. Due to this, it is not capable enough to give you results as humans can because “ANI” is based on a narrow range of parameters.
Types of Narrow AI
1. Reactive AI
Reactive AI is not able to give you accurate data because it does not possess memory or the ability to store any past data. It provides you with information based on just “How a human mind acts” without any past learning or knowledge.
2. Limited memory AI
On the other hand Limited Memory ANI is more advanced. As it can store and remember which helps in understanding things more effectively by using numerical and factual data.
Benefits of Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
1. Increased Efficiency
Being a machine “ANI” can perform tasks faster and more efficiently than human beings. It can analyze a huge amount of data in just a few seconds. This special ability makes it an excellent tool for data analysis, customer service and manufacturing processes.
ANI is an excellent tool for industries such as finance, healthcare and manufacturing as it benefits them with real-time updates. For example, “ANI” analyzes market trends and makes investment decisions much faster than humans could. Therefore, many industrialists prefer “ANI over humans” which results in better investment returns.
2. Improved Authenticity
ANI reduces the risk of bugs that occur due to human error. As it possesses the ability to perform tasks with a high degree of accuracy. It also Minimizes the risk of bias and increases the reliability of the analysis by analyzing data more accurately.
In the healthcare industry, “ANI” can analyze medical images such as X-rays and MRIs more accurately compared to human radiologists. This ability offers more relevant treatment plans based on the patient’s condition.
3. Zero Risk
Another big advantage of AI is that humans can let robots do the work which consists of risk. Whether it be defusing bombs, going to space or exploring deep into oceans. Machines with metal bodies are resistant to nature and can easily survive in extreme conditions. Moreover, they provide accurate results within a short period of time and do not exhaust easily.
4. 24/7 Availability
Many researchers concluded that humans are productive for only about 3 to 4 hours a day. They also need breaks and time off to balance their work life and personal life. But AI can work continuously without breaks. Robots think much faster compared to humans and perform multiple tasks at a time with accurate results. They can even handle complex repetitive tasks easily using AI algorithms.
5. Medical Applications
Through applications in everything from drug development and clinical trials to diagnosis and treatment, AI has made a substantial impact on the area of medicine. Doctors can evaluate patient data, spot potential health hazards, and create individualized treatment plans with the use of AI-powered tools. This improves patient health outcomes and hastens the advancement of novel medical techniques and technologies.
6. Cost saving
Through the automation of formerly done by human work, artificial narrow intelligence lowers labor expenses. The use of ANI technology enables continuous work without breaks or holidays. As a result, it is a more affordable option than hiring people.
For large manufacturing companies that need repetitive, time-consuming processes, automation is especially useful. When compared to people, artificial limited intelligence can put together goods considerably more quickly, which increases productivity and saves money.
ANI can personalize customer experiences by analyzing customer data and tailoring recommendations according to their preferences. This can improve customer satisfaction and help in creating a loyal customer base.
Disadvantages of Artificial Narrow Intelligence
Creating a program that can simulate human intelligence into machines requires a lot of time, resources and money. To meet the latest requirements of AI it should be updated with the newest hardware and software. Along with it, you will have to collaborate with an Artificial Intelligence Development Company for better opportunities and results. Therefore, all these combined factors make it a costly platform.
Machines are more durable and cost-efficient compared to humans therefore industries are switching from human labor to (AI) Artificial agency. This results in unemployment, and in a state where the world population is growing rapidly. If the unemployment rate increases it will cause severe threats to society.
For example, countries like Japan are replacing humans with robots in manufacturing industries using advanced technology. However, this doesn’t mean that people lose their job opportunities. Instead, it can create new chances for humans to work along with robots or tools and improve their work efficiency.
3. Makes Humans lazy
Artificial Narrow Intelligence automates all the tasks which are done on a regular basis. Relying too much on AI like this can cause trouble for the future generations that come after us. Because we no longer use our brains to remember information or solve challenges ourselves. Due to these developments, AI will slowly but surely take over humans.
4. No Improvement
Humans cannot gain accurate information like “AI” does with regular technology because it relies on pre-learned information and past experiences. ANI is really good at storing massive amounts of information. But when it comes to improvement humans are more efficient compared to “AI” because it cannot work under flexible conditions.
Machines can only do the specific tasks they are programmed for. If we ask them to do something different they are not able to give accurate results. This may cause big problems, therefore, we can’t use them in the usual ways.
Today, almost every industrial sector has achieved superhuman accuracy and performance using Artificial narrow intelligence. Factors such as robust IoT connectivity, multiplication of connected devices and faster computing domains have motivated the advancements of AI systems.
While current “ANI” outperforms humans the challenge now is how will Artificial narrow intelligence evolve into a broader range. The only option to master cross-domain tasks is to either collaborate with an Artificial Intelligence Development Company or hire artificial intelligence developers in India. They are capable of building new neural networks from scratch while it switches from one domain to another.
The most important role of humans will be to ensure that the rise of “ANI” does not get out of hand. Although there are both positive and negative effects of artificial intelligence. As it continues to grow every single day driving sustainability for businesses, let us see where it takes.